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What Are Leveling Casters and How Do They Work?

Leveling casters may end up being one of the convenient additions to your workspace. However, not everyone is aware of what they are, how they work, and why they are a worthwhile purchase.

We’ve compiled this leveling caster guide so you can learn more about how much easier your daily operations might be simply by purchasing a few sets of medium-duty, heavy-duty or industrial leveling casters.

In this article we will take a closer look at:

1. What Are Leveling Casters?
2. Leveling Caster Benefits & Applications
    > Noise Reduction
    > Portability
    > Safety
    > How Do Leveling Casters Work?
    > How Does a Floor Lock Work?
3. How to Choose the Right Leveling Caster for Your Equipment    
    > Weight Capacity
    > Stem Mount vs Plate Mount
    > Quantity
    > Caster Wheels
4. Leveling Caster Video Overview
5. Summary

What Are Leveling Casters?

You may have heard about plain caster wheels that make a workbench or table mobile, along with leveling feet that can make that workbench or table level. However, a leveling caster is a hybrid of these two useful items.

Companies worldwide rely on leveling casters for machines, working platforms, test systems, tables, shelves, and more. Like the process of foot leveling, you can use the threaded stem of a leveling caster to make sure your work surface or machine will be straight, even on an uneven surface.

Some are self-leveling for an added layer of convenience, and many come with a foot pedal to secure the caster wheel in place and allow a machine foot to promote stability.

The addition of the wheels means that machines, equipment, and other large items don’t need to remain permanently in place. Instead, you can move them anywhere they need to be, then use the adjustable leveling component to suit the new surface.

Leveling Caster Benefits and Applications

There’s almost no situation in which leveling casters can’t provide some benefit to applicable machines. Nearly all industries needing machines and equipment in diverse environments can see the value in purchasing leveling casters to make daily operations easier.

They are ideal for use with tables, workbenches, woodworking stands, printers, factory machines, and even a chef’s mobile cooking quarters where both mobility and even surfaces are paramount. However, if you’re not yet convinced, we’ve covered some of the many benefits of using leveling casters below.

Noise Reduction

An uneven floor can cause any machine to operate with a great deal of noise. This is because the surface isn’t level on the floor, leading to vibration. When some factories and workplaces can already be noisy, having a noise-reducing measure like leveling casters may be important.


Not all machines and equipment are going to be permanently in one place. However, their sheer size makes them challenging to move. In fact, you may need to call upon a forklift operator to assist. Leveling casters with an appropriate load capacity may be a game-changer. With wheels, employees can simply move a machine where it needs to be before using the machine foot to secure it in place.


Workplace safety is of the utmost importance, and any type of leveling product may contribute to improved safety. For example, you can move a cart or machine to where it will be operated in the safest fashion. Being able to balance it to distribute weight to all parts of the machine also means there’s no wobbling or structural weakness to worry about.

How Do Leveling Casters Work?

In essence, leveling casters work similarly to leveling feet. They are secured to a machine, cart, or another piece of equipment with a mount and threaded shaft. However, instead of connecting to a foot independently, they’re attached to both a foot and a set of wheels.

The threaded stem also has an anti-vibration pad. Once the wheels have moved the machine to where it needs to go, the pad is lowered to reduce vibration, noise and keep the appliance in place.

How Does a Floor Lock Work?

Most caster wheels you see on items have a foot pedal that functions as a brake. These locking casters allow the wheel to remain on the ground but not to move. However, a simple foot brake isn’t enough to give users peace of mind with heavy-duty and industrial equipment.

That’s where a floor lock comes in. The anti-vibration leveling pad comes down lower than the wheel with the simple adjustment of the caster. This keeps the machine firmly in place without the need for external tools like clamps. Yet, when you need to move the machine again, you can adjust the caster once more to bring the foot up.

How to Choose the Right Leveling Caster for Your Equipment

Knowing how convenient leveler casters can be for your equipment, you may be wondering how you’re supposed to choose the right set for your needs. After all, they aren’t all the same. The following information may help you decide.

Weight Capacity

You will need to factor in your machine’s lbs capacity before choosing the most suitable machine casters. The weight may also dictate the leveling caster material, such as stainless steel, cast iron, or something else.

Stem Mount vs. Plate Mount

The mount type can be quite important in the decision-making process. For example, do you need a stem mount or a plate mount? Stem casters can come in most small and large sizes, with fine or coarse threads. They attach to equipment with tapped bores to accept stems.

However, plate mounts with a top plate, often made of stainless steel, are a preference by many for their security and convenience. Plate leveling casters have a plate with bolt holes that allow you to securely bolt the leveling casters onto something with a larger surface area.


How many heavy-duty casters your equipment, machines, or worktables need may also factor into your decision. Some dual-wheel leveling casters come in packs of four, while others are available individually. The size and weight of your machine can dictate your decision.

Caster Wheels

Even though weight, mounting style, and quantities are important factors, so are the caster wheels themselves. After all, you will need these to move your equipment from A to B.

Some of the best caster wheel materials on hand trucks, furniture casters, and more are nylon. Nylon wheels have various wheel diameters for many applications.

They also tend to work reasonably well on various surfaces like wood, concrete, and even things like oil, grease, solvents, mild acids, and mild alkalines. Think about what the wheels will most be in contact with, and let that guide your decision.

Leveling Caster Video Overview

For more information on how leveling casters are built and how they work, check out this video.


Even though not all business owners or manufacturers are aware of the existence or benefits of plate casters, swivel casters, and leveling casters, that doesn’t mean they aren’t some of the most important additions.

Once you’ve decided where they would add the most value to your business and read some customer reviews, consider finding the most appropriate leveling casters for your needs.

Check out Reid Supply to find out more and add new quality casters to your shopping cart today.